What is DAT?
According to the International Chamber of Commerce, Delivered at Terminal, or DAT means that the seller delivers when the goods, once unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are placed at the disposal of the buyer at a named terminal at the named port or place of destination.
This Incoterm requires the seller to deliver the goods and have them unloaded at the named terminal. The seller has to cover all costs of transport, including export clearance, carriage, unloading from the main carrier at the destination port, and destination port charges. The seller also has to assume all risk, until the arrival of goods at the destination port or terminal.
Terminal can mean a port, airport, or inland freight station. However, it must be a facility with the capability to receive the shipment. If the seller is not able to organize unloading, a more fitting Incoterm would be DAP.
Import duty, taxes, customs clearance, and on-carriage would be put on the account of the buyer. Any charges related to terminal delays, storage or demurrage are generally for the seller's account.
What is the difference between DAT and DAP?
The main difference between DAP and DAT is that with DAP, the seller is responsible for the final leg of the journey, and the buyer is responsible for the final unloading of the goods. This term applies to any and all modes of transport.