What is a Fumigation Certificate?
A Fumigation Certificate, otherwise known as pest-control certificate, is a document that serves as confirmation that any of the wooden packing materials, such as pallets, used in cargo shipment have been fumigated. The document must contain details such as treatment purposes, fumigants used and the amount of time they were used for, and a temperature range for the product.
Why and when is fumigation required?
Fumigation is a pesticide treatment using poisonous gases to kill pests inside of internationally shipping wood. It is mandatory when being imported internationally, however, it is not required for products that are wood-derived. In other words, if you’re shipping items like cardboard, particleboard, or any other man-made products, you do not need to get a Fumigation Certificate. To avoid the need for fumigation, many shippers opt to use plastic packing materials instead.
Fumigation certificates are enforced upon for the sole reason of protecting the forests in destination countries from insects that may reside inside of shipping timber or wood. Otherwise, the harmful insects will likely cause big damage to the forests of importing countries. This is a precautionary step for all.
What is Heat Treatment Certification?
Heat Treatment is a process during which lumber is heated in a closed kiln or chamber until it reaches a core temperature of 56°C for at least 30 minutes. This is done to kill pathogens such as insects, fungi and other microorganisms.
Some countries enforce Heat Treatment certification to meet the import requirements of countries in the European Union (EU), as it is used to obtain phytosanitary certificates from the USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for lumber exports to other countries.