International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
ISPS, or International Ship and Port Facility Security Code is an essential security measure, which was put into place as a result of the 9/11 terror attacks in 2001. The International Maritime Organization or the IMO, designed and circulated the ISPS as part of the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention. This was put in place in order to regulate and control the security and safety of the crew, ships, ports, and cargo while traveling through international waters.
What is the main goal of ISPS?
The main goal of the ISPS is to provide security for the ship, seafarers, as well as ports and port workers. This is done to enact preventative measures if and when a security threat presents itself, both at sea and in the port. Here are some detailed measures that the ISPS takes:
- Monitor the activity of cargo operation and people
- To detect any and all security threats on the vessel or ship, as well as in port
- Implement preventative and proactive solutions to any threat
- Provide a security authority on the ship, consisting of a multitude of duties and functions at each level of security
- Establish roles and responsibilities for each contracting government, agency, local administration, as well as the shipping and port representative
- Establish roles and responsibilities for port state officers and onboard officers of varying levels, to handle maritime security threat internationally
- Collect international data concerning security threats and developing solutions to each of these problems
- Share any and all security-related data with the general public and international port and ship owners
- Assess the flaws of the industry and design necessary solutions for each