What is The U.S. Principal Party of Interest (USPPI)?


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What is USPPI?

Under the U.S. Census Bureau’s Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR), the U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) is defined as the person or entity in the U.S. who receives the primary benefit of an export transaction. The benefit can be monetary or otherwise. The classification came about due to difficulties encountered by the Census Bureau for International Standards (BIS) and the Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) in enforcing export regulations for “routed transactions” where the US seller sells the goods to a foreign buyer but bears no responsibility for export arrangements. The USPPI is still responsible for providing their name, address, and all the commodity information to the agent or the party arranging the export and filing the export declarations with US Customs or the Census Bureau. The following are examples of USPPI:

  • U.S. seller (wholesaler or distributor) of goods for export
  • U.S. manufacturer (if selling the goods for export)
  • U.S. order party (if directly negotiated between the U.S. seller and foreign buyer and received the order for the export of the goods)
  • U.S. customs broker (obtains clearance of goods through customs)
  • Foreign entity (if physically in the United States to purchase or obtain the goods)



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